See link to the right. Many thanks to Kevin Noon for his help in providing the initial list and the technical detail!
If you have had any personal experience with any of these particular species and have helpful information on reducing the hazards, please post your information in the comments. For example, folks living in areas where cheatgrass is a significant problem find it helpful to trim the hair between the pads and on the feet closely to give the awns less to cling to. Cheatgrass and foxtail risk can also be reduced by careful inspection of the dog after s/he has been in the field to remove any awns in the coat or in the ears.